Borgo a Buggiano is located in the flat part of the Municipality of Buggiano and is its capital.
From this plain you will enjoy a splendid view of the hills touched by the sun, with colors and lights that change deeply according to the seasons, and gives breathtaking sunsets especially in winter, when the sky is tinged with poetic shades between pink and purple.
The village develops right at the foot of the hill, from which it is divided by the railway. You can reach it comfortably by car and by train, considering that there is a train station in the immediate vicinity of the city center.
Scattered throughout the territory are numerous villas, the convent and the Church of Santa Maria in Selva, the Villa Bellavista, country roads and embankments connected with the nearby Padule di Fucecchio stand out.
Old town is animated by many large squares that over time have hosted characteristic markets.
Piazza del Bestiame, where the Animal Market took place, attracted people from all over Tuscany. The delightful Piazza del Grano, recently renovated, which now houses the municipal offices and the Library and once welcomed the nuns of the Convent of Santa Marta.
If you are in the area on Tuesday you can make a stop at the traditional market that is turned on this day since 1519. Here you can find fresh fruits and vegetables and many other food stalls with typical delicacies.
The most important religious building is the Church of San Pietro Apostolo, proclaimed Church of the Most Holy Crucified in honor of the miracle that took place here on August 18, 1399 and rich in beautiful works of art. It faces directly on the street, on Piazza Salutati and is enriched by the nearby clock tower.
A short distance away you can see the exterior of the Church of Santa Marta, set between the buildings and the facade of the town hall (which stands where once stood the convent of Santa Marta).
Walking through the streets of the village you can admire outside the small Oratory of St. Anthony, the Oratory of Giglio, and some beautiful palaces of the eighteenth century as Palazzo Carozzi Sanniniand Sannini with its characteristic frescoes in the facade and decorations with plant and animal motifs.
Outside the historic center is worth a visit the Church of Santa Maria in Selva, a jewel in Gothic style with remakes occurred in the eighteenth century. Next door there is the convent of the Augustinians with a beautiful cloister called “Brunelleschi” and the facade of the Chapter Room.
The meadow in front of it has been hosting for centuries the Festival in Selva, a festival born as a devotional initiative of the friars and quickly became a commercial attraction. The festival still attracts a large crowd especially for the purchase of plants and fruit trees.
If you happen to stay in the area during its period, we advise you not to miss it!
Not far away it is impossible not to notice the beautiful Villa Bellavista which stands on a slight hill from which you can enjoy a beautiful view of the hills of Valdinievole and Montalbano up to the Arno.
Fines for not celebrating the party!
Already in 1400 a municipal decision imposed the celebration of the miracle of SS. Crucified in 1399 in the Church of San Pietro “under the penalty of 10 money for everyone who does not celebrate it!” I mean, who didn’t celebrate, had to pay!
True and ancient vocation to hospitality.
Borgo a Buggiano has been transformed over the centuries from a small settlement linked to the Castle of Buggiano, the capital of the Municipality in the second half of the eighteenth century.
Its good fortune was to be crossed both by the Cassia-Clodia road, a connection between Florence, Pistoia and Lucca, and to be the starting point of the Cerbaie road, a connection between Valdinievole and Pisa, as well as being close to the ports of the Padule di Fucecchio.
Precisely its position has made it a land of passages, borders and disputes. “It was therefore fate that the village became a place of meetings, trade and exchanges” (cit. Neri Andreini Galli) and already between 1200 and 1300 counted 5 hospitalia, several taverns and taverns.
In short, a true and ancient vocation to hospitality.
Many events and moments have marked the development and fortune of Borgo a Buggiano.
In 1399 the Miracle of SS. Crucifix, the crucifix that “gicò blood”, gave life to a cult that spread throughout the Valdinievole and led the village to have a prominent role in the religiosity of the whole area.
The traditional market, held every Tuesday since 1519 and was established in 1386, marked the image of the country having been considered for a long time the most important in Tuscany. The strategic position of road connection and proximity to the ports of the Padule has contributed to its fame and its development.
The market gave a strong boost to the rural economy, but it was also a place of openness to new and fun with the presence of acrobats, jugglers and space for political expression.
The gradual population growth over the centuries favored the settlement of many people in the valley and the birth of commercial activities, craft shops, inns and taverns. Agricultural activity was, however, always predominant throughout the municipality, thanks to the system of farms (owned by noble families and managed by local sharecroppers) developed between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In addition, the organization of cultivated land is due to local clergymen such as the Nuns of Santa Marta or the friars of the Convent of Santa Maria in Selva.
In 1799 the miracle of the SS. Crocifisso was renewed, when an anti-French revolt broke out by the peasants in the days between 4 and 5 May. The repression was harsh and several people were killed, but the resolution of the matter with the liberation from the French was attributed to the intercession of the Crucifix of the Church. During the clashes a bullet struck a register of the municipal archives still preserved, with its hole, at the historical archive of the City.
With the birth of the railway in 1853 and the construction of the railway station, Borgo a Buggiano opened to modernity.
Between eight and nine hundred the economy continues to be fed by markets, both that of livestock and cocoons with the spread of gelsibachiculture, but gradually also by a large spread of industry: drinking, biscuits, joineries, various mechanics craftsmen.
The First and Second World Wars caused the death of many civilian inhabitants of the place that are still remembered with commemorative tombstones scattered throughout the town.